IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
The extraction of heavy oil, including bitumen, is complicated by the extremely high viscosity of the fluid in the reservoir. The adsorption of heavy oil fractions on the surface of minerals leads to the hydrophobization of the pore space. The magnetic colloidal particles of iron oxides present in the composition of the water remove adsorbed oil from the surface of pores, which manifests itself as an increase in the oil recovery factor and the injectivity of injection wells.
The report describes the method of the acoustic impact on the oil reservoir. Chemical decomposition of formation water molecules occurs with the help of energy-accumulating substances. Water becomes a supplier of hydrogen and oxygen. This allows the processes of hydrogenation and synthesis of new compounds. The decomposition of water is carried out using activated aluminum. As a result of the reaction, hydrogen is released, which provides the reaction of hydrogenation of all fractions of heavy oils.
Purpose of this report to inform the petroleum readership of recent advances in areas of the associative polymer flooding. Polymer flooding is the industrial enhanced oil recovery method, which successfully has applied in various types of reservoirs. The polymer flooding for high-temperature and high-salinity reservoir faces enormous challenges. Hydrolyzed polymer has been used as the main polymer type for the polymer flooding. Now researchers have turned their attention to associative polymer solutions. This report presents an overview of the associative polymer flooding.
Cold climate areas that provide opportunities for the remote inspection of pipelines include the Barents Sea, the Russian Arctic, the Alaskan Chukchi Sea, the Beaufort Sea and the Canadian Arctic offshore. First, an analysis of several actual projects of contactless diagnostics using the magnetic tomography method of pipelines in Arctic conditions is done. Second, the Risk-Based Inspection methodology for Arctic offshore pipelines is discussed. It involves ensuring pipeline reliability on the basis of data on the technical condition of the metal in actual operating conditions.